ICONS - PRIMARILY RUSSIAN

ICONS, mainly Russian, with some brief explanations

Annunciation - often with the Virgin Mary with spindle and yarn, but sometimes scooping water from a well as indicated by St. James;

Archangel Gabriel, the Chief Captain of the Bodiless Powers, his name means "man of God";

Archangel Gabriel;

Archangel Michael, his name means "he who is like the Lord", is the commander of the army of God, victor over Satan, and patron saint of warriors;

Archangel Michael;

Ascension of the Lord to Heaven from the Mount of Olives, forty days after His resurrection;

Detail of the Ascension above;

Ascension of the Prophet Elijah (Elias), Elisha receives the mantle from Elijah;

Elias in the chariot, sleeping with the angel bringing him food and water;

Choir or Assembly of Archangels (generally believed to number seven) and Seraphim with Christ and the heavenly host;

Michael commander of the heavenly host;

Assumption Dormition;

Assumption;

Baptism of Christ;

Adolescent Jesus teaching in the temple;

Crucifixion;

Crucifixion;

Deesis panel;

Deesis panel;

Deesis panel;

Deesis panel;

Deesis panel;

Deesis panel Apostles;

Deesis panel Apostles;

Descent from the Cross;

Discovery of the head of John the Baptist (the Forerunner);

Detail of discovery of the head of the Baptist;

St. Thomas, Doubting Thomas;

Elias (Elijah) in the wilderness (dessert);

Christ placed in the tomb;

Christ entry into Jerusalem, Palm Sunday;

Exaltation of the Holy Cross;

Saints Florus and Laurau, brothers who lived in Illyria in the second century, were masons who built a what was supposed to be a pagan temple but they dedicated it to Christ for which they were killed. In Russia, especially Novgrod and the North, they are considered healers; and in other places patrons of horses depicted with St. Michael giving them herds of horses;

Forty Martyrs of Sebaste;

Christ brings Adam and Eve and the righteous from the Old Testament out of Hell, Harrowing of Hell or Descent into Limbo;

Holy Spirit descends upon the Apostles, Pentecost;

Intercession of the Ever Virgin Mary, at an all night liturgy in the Church of the Blachernae in Constantinople where the veil of the Virgin was kept, St. Andreas Fool for Christ and his follower Epiphany saw the Virgin accompanied by other saints go up to the ambo, pray, then take her veil (a long, Eastern style veil) from the sanctuary and spread it over the worshipers. From this it is that the Ever Virgin Mary is often shown with saints and angels holding her veil over the people. The feast of the Intercesson dates at least from the thirteenth century;

Intercession;

Intercession;

St. John the Baptist (Forerunner) in the Wilderness;
085 Lamentation of the Virgin, King of Glory, Christ in the Tomb, finds its origin in The Descent from the Cross;

Detail of The Lamentation, above;

The Last Judgment;

Detail from Last Judgment, above;

Last Judgment;

Detail from Last Judgment, above;

Lauds and Acathistus of the Virgin, this from the early fourteenth century (rare), often shown separate (Laudation on one Icon and Acathistus on another Icon);

Events in the Life of St. George, warrior-saint during reign of Diocletian;

Detali from 099 the Life of St. George;

Menology, services, feasts, anthems, prayers for every day of a given month; sometimes each panel depicts an individual month;

Nativity of Christ;

Nativity of John the Baptist (Forerunner);

Nativity of the Virgin;

Old Testament Trinity, Three angels visit Abraham and Sarah;

Old Testament Trinity;

Presentation of Our Lord in the Temple forty days after His birth, in accordance with Jewish law;

Presentation of the Ever Virgin Mary in the Temple, by her parents, Joachim and Anne, and pure virgins carrying lamps, when she was a child. She was placed on the steps of the Altar where she was brought food by angels. Zacharias was one of her teachers and protectors, the same one who proclaimed Christ to be the Saviour on His presentation in the temple after His birth;

Prophets;

Prophets;

Raising of Lazarus from the Dead;

St. Basil the Great;

St. Basil the Great;

St. Demetrius of Salonica (Thessaloniki, Thessalonica), appointed Governor of Salonica but then executed because he openly practiced Christianity - circa 306 A.D.;

Later Icons of St. Demetrius of Salonica show him in chiton and himation instead of armor, though these are rare, as is this one;

St. George and the Dragon (detail);

St. George and the Dragon (detail);

St. John the Evangelist;

St. John the Evangelist;

St. John Chrysostom;

St. John Chrysostom;

St. Luke the Evangelist;

St. Luke the Evangelist;

St. Mark the Evangelist;

St. Mark the Evangelist;

St. Matthew the Evangelist;

St. Matthew the Evangelist;

St. Nicholas, fourth century Bishop of Myra in Lycia (Asia Minor),scenes from his life;

St. Nicholas of Mozhaisk;

St. Paul, Apostle, executed in Rome circa 64 (67) A.D.;

St. Paul, detail from above;

St. Paul;

St. Peter, Apostle, executed in Rome circa 64 (67) A.D.;

St. Peter, deesis icon from fourteenth century;

St. Peter;

St. Sergius of Radonezh (accompanied by his assistant the Monk Mikhei - sometimes by his successor Nikon or both of them) , founder of Trinity Monastery near Moscow in fourteenth century, being addressed by The Ever Virgin Mary who is accompanied by St. John and St. Peter (St. Sergius' Vision);

Detail from St. Sergius' Vision, above;

St. Theodore the Stratilate and St. Theodore the Recruit (Stratilate means General), Theodore the Stratilate was executed for preaching Christianity in 319 A.D. in Heraclion, Theodore the Recruit (sometimes known as the Tyro) was burned at the steak in 306 A.D. - warrior-saints;

Detail from St. Theodore, above;

Christ the Almighty;

Detail from Christ the almighty, above;

The Transfiguration;

Vernicle, Saviour Uncreated-by-human hands, inspired by the Veil of Veronica (Veronica's Veil from the Stations of the Cross);

Archangels Michael and Gabriel on either side of a folded Vernicle;

Detail of above;

Detail of Archangels Michael and Gabriel;

Our Lady of Tenderness, Virgin Eleusa, the Virgin of Vladimir;

Virgin Hodegetria (Showing the Way);

Virgin of Smolenck (variation on Virgin Hodegetria), before the twelfth century;

Virgin of the Don, presented by the Don Cossacks to Prince Dmitry Donskoi before the battle against the Tartar Mongols at Kulikiovo Field, Virgin Eleusa, Our Lady of Tenderness;

Virgin of the Sign, Our Lady of Novorod, 1169 A.D.;

Virgin of Tikhvin, (variation of Virgin Hodegetria - Showing the Way), less rigid or more natural pose of Christ, was transported by angels from Constantinople in 1383 A.D. to float in the air above the waters of Lake Ladoga and then went to the Town of Tikhvin in the land of Novgorod;

Virgin of Vladimir (Our Lady of Tenderness, Virgin Eleusa), legend is thet it was painted by St. Luke and kept in Jerusalem, then Constantinople, then Kiev, before Prince Andrei Bogoliubsky removed it to Vladimir;

Detail of Virgin of Vladimir;

Christ washes the feet of His disciples (is washing the feet of St. Peter);

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Last revised 13 August 2005 A.D.