From a letter by Saint Augustine to Proba
on The Lord s Prayer
We need to use words so that we may remind ourselves to consider carefully what we are asking, not so that we may think we can instruct the Lord or prevail on him.
Thus when we say: Hallowed be thy name, we are reminding ourselves to desire that his name, which in fact is always holy, should be considered holy among men. I mean that it should not be held in contempt. But this is a help for men, not for God.
And as for our saying: Thy kingdom come, it will surely come whether we will it or not. But we are stirring our desires for the kingdom so that it can come to us and we can deserve to reign there.
When we say: Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven, we are asking him to make us obedient so that his will may be done in us as it is done in heaven by his angels.
When we say: Give us this day our daily bread, in saying this day we mean in this world . Here we ask for a sufficiency by specifying the most important part of it; that is, we use the word bread to stand for everything. Or else we are asking for the sacrament of the faithful, which is necessary in this world, not to gain temporal happiness but to gain the happiness that is everlasting.
When we say: Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us, we are reminding ourselves of what we must ask and what we must do in order to be worthy in turn to receive.
When we say: Lead us not into temptation, we are reminding ourselves to ask that his help may not depart from us; otherwise we could be seduces and consent to some temptation, or despair and yield to it.
When we say: Deliver us from evil, we are reminding ourselves to reflect on the fact that we do not yet enjoy the state of blessedness in which we shall suffer no evil. This is the final petition contained in the Lord s Prayer, and it has a wide application. In this petition the Christian can utter his cries of sorrow, in it he can shed his tears, and through it he can begin, continue and conclude his prayer, whatever the distress in which he finds himself.
. . . we say nothing which is not contained in the Lord s Prayer, provided of course we are praying in a correct and proper way . . .